1522 Muster Roll

In Tudor times each village was responsible for maintaining the necessary arms to defend themselves – this was known as the furnishing of harness. Muster commissioners would inspect the harness and ensure each individual was also assessed with his quota of the cost. The muster roll records who owned the arms, along with value of land (valor terr et tent) or value of goods (valor bonorum) held by the other residents of the village who were liable to provide financial support if necessary.

There were two main arms used in this period. The bill had a point at one end and a blade at the side, so had a dual purpose in battle, while the bow was a long bow used for archery.

The following individuals appear in the muster rolls for Wing for 1522 – a value for land but not goods indicates an absentee landlord. Thanks to Daphne for supplying this list.

WING WITH MEMBERS Wing cum membris

WING
[¹=bills, ten in total, ²=bows, seven in total]
Valor
Terr et tent
£-s-d
Valor
bonorum
£-s-d
Rob. DORMER gent cheiffe Lord there his landes in all England is worthe by year *160-0 –0466-13-4
John BALDWYN gent. Stuarde ther his fee1-0-0 
The Prioresse of Praye with the parsonage30-0-0 
The Abbott of Oborne13-10 
The Fraternitye of Ailsburye9-0 
Jas. YERFORDE knighte4-0-0 
John FONTEN in all England6-0-030-0-0
Hen. NICHOLASn.1-0-0
Jas. NICHOLAS ¹n.n.
Thos. SHEPERDEn.1-0-0
Edw. JAKEMAN10-080-0-0
Edw. NORCOTT ¹n.1-0-0
John MORE gent. In all England16-0-030-0-0
Hen. GREENEn.1-0-0
Ric. HAMERTON2-01-0-0
John MAPYSn.2-0-0
John WEBBE ¹n.n.
John HOWYN ¹n.2-0-0
Wm. LUCAS ²n.3-0-0
John BATEn.1-0-0
Thos. COLSYLL1-0n.
Ric. ERNDALEn.1-0-0
Ric. DYKER2-02-0-0
Wm. HOLFORDn.2-0-0
Nic. NEWLAND2-0n.
Rob. KEMME5-01-0-0
Thos. SYHBLINE2-01-0-0
Nic. SHILBORNEn.1-0-0
Wm. WADLOWE ¹n.n.
John AWELDE ¹n.n.
Eliz. SMEWYN1-02-0-0
John SMEYNE ²1-01-0-0
Wm. BANASTER ¹n.n.
John TYLCOKEn.1-0-0
John DIXSON ¹n.n.
Thos. LUCAS6-86-0-0
Elbritte CARTER ²n.2-0-0
Wm. HOWSE ²n.n.
Rob TAYLOR ²n.n.
John TAYLOR ¹5-02-13-4
Thos. WINCHESTER ²n.n.
Nic. GIBBYS ¹n.n.
Thos. WATTYS2-41-0-0
Wm. WADDONn.1-0-0
Nic. LUCASn.2-6-8
Thos NODDYS ²n.n.
John MARTYN1-0n.
Hen. DAWBENEY1-42-0-0
Wm. WELDE6-13-410-0-0
Ric. DANNEN7-0n.
John WIGE13-4n.
John GREENE1-0n.
John CLERKE vicar of Winge his benifice by yeare19-0-020-0-0
The Churchwardens in Churche goodes 2-6-8

* Marginal note : et solvit cum societate Stapule Gallys £ 150

BURCOTT IN WING Borcote
[¹=bills, one in total, ²=bows, two in total]
Valor
Terr et tent
£-s-d
Valor
bonorum
£-s-d
Thos. ADAMS2-06-0-0
Thos. HALIDAYEn.1-0-0
John COWPER5-04-0-0
John CHAUNDELERn.3-0-0
Thos. COLSHILL ²6-84-0-0
Rob. FONTEN in all England4-0-050-0-0
Nic. FONTENn.2-0-0
John FONTENn.2-0-0
Ric. HONER ¹n.n.
Rob. LEWESn.2-0-0
Wm. CHAPPELL ²n.n.
Thos. BOKMAYSTERn.2-13-4
John CHAPELLn.1-10-0
Rob. ORCHERDn.2-13-4
John WIGGE10-2n.
Rog. ESHORDE5-4n.
Thos. GERMAYNE7-0n.
Ric. DAVYE3-4n.
ASCOTT IN WING Ascote
[¹=bills, four in total, ²=bows, three in total]
Valor
Terr et tent
£-s-d
Valor
bonorum
£-s-d
Hen. DEANE ²n.n.
Tho. BROWNE ²n.n.
Edm. CHOPYN ¹n.n.
John LUCAS ¹n.n.
Alice BUKMAYSTER3-0-02-0-0
Nic. BUCKMAYSTER ¹3-46-0-0
John NORCOTTEn.6-13-4
Thos. MAYNE6-84-0-0
Thos. ERNDALEn.1-0-0
John DALTONn.1-0-0
Thos. DALTON ¹n.n.
John JEFFYS6-81-0-0
Ric. BLACKNAIL ²n.n.
Thos. NORCOTTEn.1-0-0
John POWER2-0n.
Thos. WIGGE2-0n.
John WIGGE1-0n.
CRAFTON LODGE IN WING Crofton
[¹=bills, one in total, ²=bows, one in total]
Valor
Terr et tent
£-s-d
Valor
bonorum
£-s-d
Mistres PIGOTT6-0-0n.
John GODDARD of Maston1-0-0n.
John GODDARD of Croftonn.4-0-0
Thos. FONTEN2-0-010-0-0
John POWLARDn.2-0-0
Wm. CHAPMANn.4-0-0
Thos SERE1-6-82-0-0
Thos. BATEn.2-0-0
Rob. GOODYNCHE1-6-8n.
John MOKYSn.1-0-0
Thos. SAUNDER4-0-010-0-0
Ric. GYMELEY ²n.n.
Wal. POLLERD ¹n.1-0-0
Edw. SEARE16-0n.
Thos. ALLEYN2-0n.
John HOWYS3-6n.
Ric. WAPERLEY3-6n.
Hugh FITKYN8n.
Thos. EMERTON4n.
Ric. THORNEBYE8n.
John SEYBROKE1-0n.
Wm. CHAPMAN8n.