Rolls, Polls and Taxes

Contributing to the greater good of society often involves sticking your hand in your pocket – here are a variety of lists of Wing landowners and residents who qualified for that “honour” when the government came calling. Also included here are lists of Wing residents doing their part as good citizens in non-financial ways.

1086 Domesday Book

The Land of the Count of Mortain – In Cottesloe Hundred – Wing & Crafton The count himself holds Wing. It is assessed at 5 hides. There is land for 40 ploughs. In demesne is 1 hide, and there are 4 ploughs. There are 51 villans with 20 bordars have 21 ploughs, and there could …

1332 Lay Subsidy

This tax, a lay subsidy of movables (domestic animals, grain, household goods and possessions but excluding military equipment, tools of trade, jewels and clothing), was levied at one-fifteenth, or 6.67%, of the value of the movables. The entries have been extracted from the Buckinghamshire Record Society‘s publication no. 14 Early Taxation Returns: Taxation of Personal …

1522 Muster Roll

In Tudor times each village was responsible for maintaining the necessary arms to defend themselves – this was known as the furnishing of harness. Muster commissioners would inspect the harness and ensure each individual was also assessed with his quota of the cost. The muster roll records who owned the arms, along with value of …

1524 Subsidy Roll

This lay subsidy was an early tax to raise funds for the war against France and Scotland. Assessments were taken in 1524, 22 years prior to the start of Wing’s parish registers, and the susbsidy roll is therefore a useful resource in establishing residents one generation prior to that point. The subsidy itself was a …

1535 Muster Roll

The following individuals appear in the muster rolls for Wing for 1535 (Wyng SP8823). Archers Leond BENNYNG Ric BLAKNALL Ric BUCKMASTER Robt HARDYNG Robt MOUSE Thomas NORCOTE John TYLCOK Bylmen Thomas BATHE Ric BUCKLMANISTER Robt BUCKMAYSTER Robt CHAPILL Robt COKKER Thomas DYCSON Robt DAWVENEY Ric FFONTEN Willia LUCAS George LYGO John MAY Nicholas MAY John …

1642 Contributions for Ireland

Taxes to pay for military and other governmental initiatives have always been a tough sell. In February 1642 the government of the day decided to take a slightly different tack in raising funds to quell an uprising in Ireland – all churchwardens were directed to ask for voluntary “gifts” from all persons in their parish, …

1705 Poll for Knights of the Shire

A Copy of the Poll for the Knights of the Shire taken at the Town of Aylesbury May 23, 24, 1705 Candidates: The Right Honourable William Lord Viscount Cheyne – 2137 votes Sir Richard Temple, Baronet – 2433 votes Robert Dormer, Esq – 2630 votes COTTESLOE HUNDRED – WING Freeholders Name Votes Abraham Kilby C- …

1722 Poll for Knights of the Shire

A List of the Names and Persons, together with their places of Freehold and Abode who voted for Knights of the Shire for the County of Bucks at the last election held at Aylesbury April the 4th and 5th, 1722 Candidates: Sir Thomas Lee, Baronet – 2415 votes Mountague Garrard Drake, Esq. – 2441 votes …

1784 Poll for Knights of the Shire

Copy of the Poll for Knights of the Shire for the County of Bucks which began at the Town of Aylesbury on Wednesday the 21st and ended on Friday the 30th of April 1784 COTTESLOE HUNDRED – WING Freeholders Name Places of Abode What Freeholdsconsist of Occupiers Verney Grenville Aubrey Adams Robert Wing H. & …

Bedfordshire Polls for Knights of the Shire

The following Wing residents owned land in neighbouring Bedfordshire and are listed as voting in the Bedfordshire Polls for Knights of the Shire in the years stated. 1714 1 Voting Parish Freeholders Name Places of Abode Everhalt James TURNEY Wing Bucks 1722 2 Voting Parish Freeholders Name Places of Abode Everholt James TURNEY Wing Bucks …

1810 Land Tax

An Asessment made upon the owners and proprietors of all the Messuages, Lands, Tenements, Hereditaments and other properties, within the parish or place of Wing, towards raising the Land Tax for the service of the year 1810: And also for the Duty on Pensions, Offices and Personal Estates for the same year. Pg 1 Sums …

1820 Land Tax

Land Tax for the year 1820 ending 25 March 1821 County of Bucks – Parish or Place of Wing – Hundred or Divison of Cottesloe An Asessment made upon the Owners and Proprietors of all the Messuages, Lands, Tenements, Hereditaments and other Properties, within the parish or place above mentioned, towards raising the Land Tax …

1830 Land Tax

Assessors: James Paine, William Heley, William Elliott Pg 1 Sums Assessed& Exonerated Sums Assessed& Not Exonerated Rentals Proprietors Occupiers Name/Description £ s d £ s d 197 Adams Thomas In Hand House & Land       17   4 25 Brandon Tom do do do       2 3 1 9 Bone Widow …

1831 Poll for Knights of the Shire

The 1831 poll was taken on Thursday 5th May to Monday 9th May 1831, and was the last year in which voting for your county’s representatives to the Houses of Parliament was restricted to freeholders i.e. those who owned a house or land. The names of those freeholders of Wing are listed below1, along with …

1873 Owners of Land

This list is of those Wing residents who owned land in the county of Buckinghamshire, together with the estimated annual rental of those lands. The returns for either the whole country, or for individual counties, can be purchased from Archive CD Books. Name Acres Rods Perches £ s. Adams Sophia 4 – – 12 1 …